The Stages of Cannabis Growth

Cannabis plants go through several distinct stages of growth, from germination to harvest. Here are the general stages of cannabis growth with

The Stages of Cannabis Growth

  1. Germination: This is the initial stage where the seed begins to sprout and develop into a seedling. It starts when the seed absorbs water and the root (taproot) emerges.
  2. Seedling Stage: Once the seed has germinated, it enters the seedling stage. During this period, the plant develops its first set of leaves, known as cotyledons. It starts to develop its root system and begins to grow additional sets of leaves, usually in the shape of a single-bladed leaf.
  3. Vegetative Stage: In the vegetative stage, the plant experiences rapid growth as it focuses on developing its branches, leaves, and root system. It requires longer periods of light (18-24 hours) to support photosynthesis and growth. The plant grows taller and develops a bushy appearance. This is the stage where growers typically employ techniques like pruning, training, and topping to shape the plant and promote healthy growth.
  4. Pre-flowering Stage: Towards the end of the vegetative stage, when the plant has reached a certain maturity, it may start to show pre-flowers, which indicate its sex. Female plants develop small, hair-like pistils, while male plants produce sacs containing pollen. Identifying the sex of the plants is crucial for growers who want to prevent pollination or selectively breed.
  5. Flowering Stage: The flowering stage is when the plant starts producing buds. It is triggered by a change in the light cycle to approximately 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness per day. During this stage, female plants develop flowers that contain cannabinoids and terpenes. The buds gradually increase in size and density as they mature. The flowering stage can last anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks, depending on the strain and growing conditions.
  6. Harvesting: Once the buds have reached their desired level of maturity, indicated by the trichomes on the buds (which change color from clear to milky or amber), it is time to harvest. Harvesting involves carefully cutting the plant at the base and removing the leaves. Afterward, the buds are typically dried and cured to enhance flavor, potency, and overall quality.
20 Things You Didn't Know About ... Marijuana | Discover Magazine

It’s important to note that these stages are general guidelines, and the timing and specific characteristics can vary depending on the strain, growing conditions, and cultivation methods used. Additionally, there are variations and different techniques within each stage, allowing growers to experiment and optimize their cultivation process.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *